BITSAT 2018 Syllabus www.bitsadmission.com: The BITSAT2018 test will be conducted on the basis of NCERT syllabus for 11th and 12th class. The syllabus detail has been provided below. Candidates may refer to the NCERT textbooks for the contents. A sample test representative the features of BITSAT will be made available to the registered candidates at the BITS official website which is www.bitsadmission.com. Then he/she can practice as many times as desired. This BITSAT 2018 Syllabus will be conducted for those candidates who want to make their career in this sector so they can download the syllabus of BITSAT 2018.
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Syllabus for Physics
PHYSICS 


1  Units & Measurement 
· Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
· Dimensional Analysis · Precision and significant figures · Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc) 

2  Kinematics 
· Properties of vectors
· Position, velocity and acceleration vectors · Motion with constant acceleration · Projectile motion · Uniform circular motion · Relative motion 

3  Newton’s Laws of Motion 
· Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
· Motion on an inclined plane · Motion of blocks with pulley systems · Circular motion – centripetal force · Inertial and noninertial frames 

4  Impulse and Momentum 
· Definition of impulse and momentum
· Conservation of momentum · Collisions · Momentum of a system of particles · Center of mass 

5  Work and Energy 
· Work done by a force
· Kinetic energy and workenergy theorem · Power · Conservative forces and potential energy · Conservation of mechanical energy 

6  Rotational Motion 
· Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
· Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration · Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy · Torque and angular momentum · Conservation of angular momentum · Rolling motion 

7  Gravitation 
· Newton’s law of gravitation
· Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity · Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion 

8  Mechanics of Solids and Fluids 
· Elasticity
· Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle · Viscosity and Surface Tension · Bernoulli’s theorem 

9  Oscillations 
· Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
· Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum · Forced & damped oscillations, resonance 

10  Waves 
· Progressive sinusoidal waves
· Standing waves in strings and pipes · Superposition of waves, beats · Doppler Effect 

11  Heat and Thermodynamics 
· Kinetic theory of gases
· Thermal equilibrium and temperature · Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling · Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics · 2^{nd} law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance 

12  Electrostatics 
· Coulomb’s law
· Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions) · Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy · Gauss’ law and its applications · Electric dipole · Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel) 

13  Current Electricity 
· Ohm’s law, Joule heating D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge,
· Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity). 

14  Magnetic Effect of Current 
· BiotSavart’s law and its applications
· Ampere’s law and its applications · Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field 14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter 

15  Electromagnetic Induction 
· Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
· Self and mutual inductance · Transformers and generators · Alternating current (peak and rms value) · AC circuits, LCR circuits 

16  Optics 
· Laws of reflection and refraction
· Lenses and mirrors · Optical instruments – telescope and microscope · Interference – Huygens principle, Young’s double slit experiment · Interference in thin films · Diffraction due to a single slit · Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum · Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law 

17  Modern Physics 
· Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
· Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model · Hydrogen atom spectrum · Radioactivity · Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy 

18  Electronic Devices 
· Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
· Semiconductor diode – IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. · Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator · Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch. 
Syllabus for Chemistry
Chemistry 


1  States of Matter 


2  Atomic Structure 


3 
Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure 


4  Thermodynamics 


5 
Physical and Chemical Equilibrium 


6 
Electrochemistry 


7 
Chemical Kinetics 


8 
Hydrogen and sblock elements 


9  p d and fblock elements 


10  Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons 


11 
Stereochemistry 


12 
Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen 


13  Biological, Industrial and Environmental chemistry 


14  Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry 

Syllabus for English Proficiency &Logical Reasoning
Part III: (a) English Proficiency & Logical Reasoning 


(a) English Proficiency 

This test is designed to assess the test takers’ general proficiency in the use of English language as a means of selfexpression in real life situations and specifically to test the test takers’ knowledge of basic grammar, their vocabulary, their ability to read fast and comprehend, and also their ability to apply the elements of effective writing.


1 
Grammar 
1.1 Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
1.2 Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives 1.3 Voice, Transformation 1.4 Question tags, Phrasal verbs


2  Vocabulary 
2.1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters, Homophones, Spelling
2.2 Contextual meaning. 2.3 Analogy 

3  Reading Comprehension 
3.1 Content/ideas
3.2 Vocabulary 3.3 Referents 3.4 Idioms/Phrases 3.5 Reconstruction (rewording)


4  Composition 
4.1 Rearrangement
4.2 Paragraph Unity 4.3 Linkers/Connectives


(b) Logical Reasoning 

The test is given to the candidates to judge their power of reasoning spread in verbal and nonverbal areas. The candidates should be able to think logically so that they perceive the data accurately, understand the relationships correctly, figure out the missing numbers or words, and to apply rules to new and different contexts. These indicators are measured through performance on such tasks as detecting missing links, following directions, classifying words, establishing sequences, and completing analogies.


5  Verbal Reasoning 
5.1 Analogy means correspondence. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided.
5.2 Classification Classification means to assort the items of a given group on the basis of certain common quality they possess and then spot the odd option out. 5.3 Series Completion Here series of numbers or letters are given and one is asked to either complete the series or find out the wrong part in the series. 5.4 Logical Deduction – Reading Passage Here a brief passage is given and based on the passage the candidate is required to identify the correct or incorrect logical conclusions. 5.5 Chart Logic Here a chart or a table is given that is partially filled in and asks to complete it in accordance with the information given either in the chart / table or in the question.


6  Nonverbal Reasoning 
6.1 Pattern Perception
Here a certain pattern is given and generally a quarter is left blank. The candidate is required to identify the correct quarter from the given four alternatives. 6.2 Figure Formation and Analysis The candidate is required to analyze and form a figure from various given parts. 6.3 Paper Cutting It involves the analysis of a pattern that is formed when a folded piece of paper is cut into a definite design. 6.4 Figure Matrix In this more than one set of figures is given in the form of a matrix, all of them following the same rule. The candidate is required to follow the rule and identify the missing figure. 6.5 Rule Detection Here a particular rule is given and it is required to select from the given sets of figures, a set of figures, which obeys the rule and forms the correct series 
Syllabus for Mathematics
Mathematics 


1  Algebra 
1.1 Complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers, geometric interpretations; a Fundamental theorem of algebra.
1.2 Theory of Quadratic equations, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions, the relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, equations reducible to quadratic equations. 1.3 Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, arithmeticgeometric series, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. 1.4 Logarithms and their properties. 1.5 Exponential series. 1.6 Permutations and combinations, Permutations as an arrangement and combination as selection, simple applications. 1.7 Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients, Pascal’s triangle 1.8 Matrices and determinants of order two or three, properties and evaluation of determinants, addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoin and inverse of matrices, Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables, elementary row and column operations of matrices, 1.9 Sets, Relations and Functions, algebra of sets applications, equivalence relations, mappings, oneone, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings, binary operation, inverse of function, functions of real variables like polynomial, modulus, signum and greatest integer. 1.10 Mathematical Induction 1.11 Linear Inequalities, solution of linear inequalities in one and two variables 

2 
Trigonometry 
.1 Measurements of angles in radians and degrees, positive and negative angles, trigonometric ratios, functions and identities.
2.2 Solution of trigonometric equations. 2.3 Properties of triangles and solutions of triangles 2.4 Inverse trigonometric functions 2.5 Heights and distances


3  . Twodimensional Coordinate Geometry 
3.1 Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.
3.2 Straight lines and pair of straight lines: Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent lines. 3.3 Circles and family of circles : Equation of circle in various form, equation of tangent, normal & chords, parametric equations of a circle , intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of circle through point of intersection of two circles, conditions for two intersecting circles to be orthogonal. 3.4 Conic sections : parabola, ellipse and hyperbola their eccentricity, directories & foci, parametric forms, equations of tangent & normal, conditions for y=mx + c to be a tangent and point of tangency 

4  Three dimensional Coordinate Geometry 
4.1 Coordinate axes and coordinate planes, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines.
4.2 Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, shortest distance between two lines. 4.3 Equation of a plane, distance of a point from aplane, condition for co planarity of three lines, angles between two planes, angle between a line and a plane 

5 
Differential calculus 
5.1 Domain and range of a real valued function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiability.
5.2 Derivative of different types of functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule. 5.3 Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normal’s. 5.4 Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function. 5.5 Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem 

6  Integral calculus 
6.1 Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions.
6.2 Methods of integration: Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by trigonometric identities. 6.3 Definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus, applications in finding areas under simple curves. 6.4 Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas of regions bounded by simple curves.


7 
Ordinary Differential Equations 
. 7.1 Order and degree of a differential equation, formulation of a differential equation whole general solution is given, variables separable method.
7.2 Solution of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree 7.3 Linear first order differential equations 

8 
Probability 
8.1 Various terminology in probability, axiomatic and other approaches of probability, addition and
multiplication rules of probability. 8.2 Conditional probability, total probability and Baye’s theorem 8.3 Independent events 8.4 Discrete random variables and distributions with mean and variance. 

9 
Vectors 
9.1 Direction ratio/cosines of vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, and position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
9.2 Dot and cross products of two vectors, projection of a vector on a line. 9.3 Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations. 

10  Statistics 
10.1 Measures of dispersion
10.2 Measures of skewness and Central Tendency, Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances 

11  Linear Programming 
11.1 Various terminology and formulation of linear Programming
11.2 Solution of linear Programming using graphical method, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (upto three nontrivial constraints) 
Syllabus for Biology
Biology 


1 
Diversity in Living World 
1.1 Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
1.2 What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature. 1.3 Introductory classification of living organisms(Twokingdom system, Fivekingdom system); 1.4 Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms); 1.5 Animal kingdom – Salient features of No chordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level. 

2  Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function 
2.1 Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centro some and XXIII Centrioles; Nucleus; Micro bodies.
2.2 Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells. 2.3 Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis. 2.4 Biomolecules– Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids. 2.5 Enzymes– Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action. 

3  Genetics and Evolution 
3.1 Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Codominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles
3.2 Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans. 3.3 DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation; 3.4 Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting. 3.5 Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism. 

4  : Structure and Function – Plants 
4.1 Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placenta ion), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
4.2 Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomata movement. 4.3 Mineral nutrition– Macro and micronutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism. 4.4 Photosynthesis– Light reaction, cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors. 4.5 Respiration– Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycol sis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations. 

5  Structure and Function – Animals 
5.1 Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases. 5.2 Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases. 5.3 Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function 5.4 Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement. 5.5 Control and coordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.


6  Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants 
6.1 Asexual methods of reproduction;
6.2 Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents);Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and element). 6.3 Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement; 6.4 Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo periodism; Vernalisation; 6.5 Various types of movements. 

7  Reproduction and Development in Humans 
7.1 Male and female reproductive systems;
7.2 Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation; 7.3 Embryo development; 7.4 Pregnancy and parturition; 7.5 Birth control and contraception 

8  Ecology and Environment 
8.1 Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.
8.2 Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web; 8.3 Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agro ecosystem. 8.4 Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats. 8.5 Biodiversity and Environmental Issues – Meaning, types and conservation strategies (Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries), Air and Water Pollution (sources and major pollutants); Global warming and Climate change; Ozonedepletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control (including an idea of bioremediation); Deforestation; Extinction of species (Hot Spots). 

9  Biology and Human Welfare 
9.1 Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and elminthes, and their control.
9.2 Cancer; AIDS. 9.3 Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse; 9.4 Basic concepts of immunology. 9.5 Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement. 

10  Biotechnology and its Applications 
10.1 Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
10.2 Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation. 10.3 Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants 10.4 Applications of RDNA technology in human health –Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy. 10.5 Applications in Industry and Agriculture – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicideresistance, and pestresistance including Bt crops. 
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